.NEF File Extension

Nikon Electronic Format

NEF is a RAW file format by Nikon. It is modeled on TIFF files used in printing/publishing. NEF supports 12/14-bit data depending on camera. Edits to NEF files are instructions separate from raw data....

General Information

Title NEF File Extension
Extension .nef
Full Form Nikon Electronic Format
File Type Raw Image File
Developer Nikon
MIME Type image/nef

File Function

Primary Function Store raw photo
Additional Functions Preserve metadata
Features High-quality, Unprocessed

File Characteristics

Quality High
Supports Layers No
Supports Transparency No
Editable Yes

Use Cases

Professional Photography Yes
Image Editing Yes
Archival Purposes Yes

Security and Practices

Security Risks Low
Best Practices Backup, Update software

Historical/Version Information

Initial Release 1999
Latest Version Depends on camera model

Associated Types

Similar Extensions .cr2, .arw, .dng

Software Compatibility

Software Usage Policy OS Compatibility
Adobe Photoshop Paid Windows, Mac
Nikon Capture NX-D Free Windows, Mac
GIMP Free Windows, Mac, Linux