.DOC File Extension

Document File

DOC is a file extension for word documents stored in Microsoft's closed format. Microsoft used the DOC extension since 1983. The DOC format was replaced in 2007 by DOCX based on open XML format. The...

General Information

Title DOC File Extension
Extension .doc
Full Form Document File
File Type Word Processor Document
Developer Microsoft Corporation
MIME Type application/msword

File Function

Primary Function Text document
Additional Functions Formatted text, Embedded images
Features Rich text format, Page layout

File Characteristics

Quality High
Supports Layers No
Supports Transparency No
Editable Yes

Use Cases

Business Documents Yes
Academic Papers Yes
Books Yes
Letters Yes

Security and Practices

Security Risks Macro viruses
Best Practices Disable macros, Regular updates

Historical/Version Information

Initial Release 1983
Latest Version Part of Office 2019

Associated Types

Similar Extensions .docx, .rtf, .odt, .txt

Software Compatibility

Software Usage Policy OS Compatibility
Microsoft Word Subscription Windows, Mac, iOS, Android
LibreOffice Writer Free Windows, Mac, Linux
Google Docs Free Web-based